If you are having fertility problems, your doctor may refer you to a fertility specialist, a doctor treating infertility. The doctor will test both you and your partner to know what the problem is. Depending on the problem, your doctor may recommend treatment. About 9 out of 10 cases of infertility are treated with drugs or surgery. Do not wait to see your doctor because age also affects these treatment success rates. For some couples, adoption or foster care offers a way to share their love with a child and a family.
Treatment of infertility
Some treatments include:
Drugs – Various fertility drugs may be used for women with ovulation problems. It is important to talk with your doctor about the drug use. You must understand the benefits and side effects of the drug. Depending on the type of medication promoting fertility and the dose of the drug used, multiple births (such as twins) can occur.
Surgery – Surgery is done to repair damage to a woman’s ovaries, fallopian tubes, or uterus. Sometimes a man has a problem of infertility that can be corrected by surgery.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination – sperm is injected into the male part of the female genital apparatus, as in the uterus or fallopian tubes. IUI is often used with drugs that cause a woman to ovulate.
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) – ART involves stimulating the ovaries of a woman; remove the eggs from her body; in the mixing with sperm in the laboratory; and putting the embryos back into the body of a woman. ART success rates vary and depend on many factors.
Using a third party – Options include the donation of ova (eggs of another woman are used), the donor sperm (sperm of another man are used), or gestational surrogacy (when another woman carrying a baby for you).
Finding the cause of infertility is often a long, complex and emotional. And treatment can be expensive. Many health insurance companies do not provide coverage for infertility or provide limited coverage. Check your health insurance contract carefully to learn about what is covered. Some states have laws that Medicare policy mandate to provide coverage for infertility.
If infertility is a problem for you, another option maybe adoption. The adoption of a baby or child can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life. So many babies, children, and adolescents in the United States and the world need a family. Some of them are healthy infants, and many are children with special needs, including physical, emotional or mental. If you adopt a child with special needs, there are federal and state sources of financial aid available to help you pay for child care.
There are two types of adoption:
- Open adoption – the birth mother, and perhaps the birth father, know something about the adoptive parents. They might even meet and exchange names or addresses.
- Closed adoption – the birth mother and the adoptive parents do not meet or know each of the names.
The laws of each state differ if, after a period of time, the files of a closed adoption can be opened later to reveal that information. State laws also differ if adoptions can be treated by an adoption agency or independently (eg a doctor, a lawyer, counselor or an independent organization). Most adoption agencies and to study carefully the screen adoptive parents. You can learn about the adoption by the resources at the end of this section.
Counseling and support
If you have had problems getting pregnant, you know how frustrating it can feel. Not being able to get pregnant can be one of the most stressful experiences of a couple. Both boards and support groups can help you and your partner talk about your feelings and help you meet other couples struggling with the same problems. You will learn that anger, pain, blame, guilt and depression are all normal. Couples survive infertility and can become more and stronger in the process. Ask your doctor for the names of counselors or therapists with an interest in fertility.
Read More: Get Pregnant Fast and Naturally